The ACCEPT Statement

General Formats for Format 1


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General Formats for Format 2


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MF 

General Formats for Format 3


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MF 

General Formats for Format 4


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MF 

General Formats for Format 5

NET This format is not currently supported in the .NET environment.


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Directives

  1. In addition to Compiler directives which provide flagging and modify the reserved word list, the following directives may impact either the syntax or the semantics described in this section.
    • ACCEPTREFRESH - specifies whether the data areas associated with Screen Section data are updated from their corresponding Working-Storage Section items before an ACCEPT statement.
    • XOPEN - specifies whether the data areas associated with the Screen Section data are updated from their corresponding Working-Storage Section items before an ACCEPT statement.

Syntax Rules for Format 1

  1. The mnemonic-name in Format 1 must be associated with a function-name in the Special-Names paragraph in the Environment Division. See General Rule 14 in the topic The Special-Names Paragraph for a list of valid function-names.
  2. OSVSVSC2MF Alternatively, function-name can itself be used instead of an associated mnemonic-name.
  3. MFXOPEN When mnemonic-name is associated with ARGUMENT-NUMBER in the Special-Names paragraph, then identifier must be an unsigned integer.
  4. MFXOPEN When mnemonic-name is associated with ARGUMENT-VALUE or ENVIRONMENT-VALUE in the Special-Names paragraph, then identifier must be an alphanumeric data item.
  5. VSC2MF Identifier can be a USAGE DISPLAY-1 (DBCS) item or an external floating-point data item.

    ISO2002MF Identifier can be an internal floating-point data item.

  6. MFXOPEN The EXCEPTION phrase may be specified only if FROM is specified with either ENVIRONMENT-NAME or ARGUMENT-VALUE, or with the mnemonic-names associated with them.

Syntax Rules for Format 2

  1. OSVSVSC2MF Identifier can be of any class, category or usage, including an internal floating-point or external floating-point item.
MF 

Syntax Rules for Format 3

  1. MF No restrictions apply to the class, category or usage of the identifier. However, the actual value placed into the identifier and the validity of moving such values to the identifier are dependent on the FROM clause. See the Format 3 General Rules for more information.
MF 

Syntax Rules for Format 4

  1. MF Screen-name cannot be an item with an OCCURS clause.
MF 

Syntax Rules for Formats 4 and 5

  1. MF The LINE and COLUMN phrases can appear in any order.
  2. MF EXCEPTION and ESCAPE are equivalent.
  3. MF Identifier-4 must be a PIC 9(4) or a PIC 9(6) data item.
MF 

Syntax Rules for Format 5

  1. MF Identifier-8 must be an integer. It can be signed.
  2. MF Integer-7 can be signed.
  3. MF An ACCEPT statement whose operand is not a screen-name is treated as a Format 5 ACCEPT statement if it has an AT phrase, a FROM phrase with the CRT option, a WITH phrase, a MODE IS BLOCK phrase, or an EXCEPTION phrase; or if it has no FROM phrase but the CONSOLE option clause is specified in the Special-Names paragraph. If it has the FROM phrase with the CONSOLE option, or if it has no FROM phrase and the CONSOLE IS CRT clause is not specified in the Special-Names paragraph, it is treated as a Format 1 ACCEPT statement.
  4. MF The phrases following the identifier can be in any order.
  5. MF The SPACE-FILL, ZERO-FILL, LEFT-JUSTIFY, RIGHT-JUSTIFY, PROMPT and TRAILING-SIGN options are allowed only if the operand is an elementary item.
  6. MF Elementary data items in identifier-1 must be of USAGE DISPLAY.
  7. MF No elementary item in identifier-1 may be longer than 8191 bytes. If the MODE IS BLOCK phrase is used, the whole of identifier-1 must be no longer than 8191 bytes.

General Rules for All Formats

  1. The END-ACCEPT phrase delimits the scope of the ACCEPT statement. (See the section Explicit and Implicit Scope Terminators in the chapter Concepts of the COBOL Language.) END-ACCEPT is treated as a reserved word only if the MF(4) Compiler directive is set.

General Rules for Format 1

  1. The ACCEPT statement causes the transfer of data from the logical or physical device. This data replaces the content of the data item referenced by identifier. If the data item referenced by identifier has an explicit or implicit usage of DISPLAY then replacement is direct and without conversion, otherwise conversion into the correct format takes place.

    The size of a data transfer is determined by the device and the run-time environment (see the topic The Special-Names Paragraph for a list of function-names that can be used and your COBOL system documentation for details of devices and the limits of data transfer sizes).

    If the device is capable of transferring data of the same size as the receiving data item, the transferred data is stored in the receiving data item. If otherwise, then:

    1. If the size of the receiving data item (or the portion not yet currently occupied by transferred data) exceeds the size of the transferred data, the transferred data is stored aligned to the left in the receiving data item (or the portion not yet occupied) and additional data is requested.
    2. If the size of the transferred data exceeds the size of the receiving data item (or portion not yet occupied by transferred data), only the leftmost characters of the transferred data are stored in the receiving data item (or in the portion remaining). The remaining characters of the transferred data which do not fit into the receiving data item are ignored.

    If the FROM option is not given, it is equivalent to specifying FROM CONSOLE.

  2. MFXOPEN  If the function-name COMMAND-LINE, or a mnemonic-name associated with the function-name COMMAND-LINE, is specified, the contents of a system-dependent command-line buffer are transferred to the receiving data item.
  3. MFXOPEN If the mnemonic-name associated with the function-name ARGUMENT-NUMBER is used, identifier receives the number of arguments contained in the command line. (This includes all arguments, those before the program-name, the program-name itself, and any arguments following the program-name. Hence no portability from types of program invocation is expected.)
  4. MFXOPEN When mnemonic-name is associated with ARGUMENT-VALUE, the current command-line argument is placed into identifier. The determination of which command-line argument is current is as follows:
    1. Initially, the first command-line argument is current.
    2. A DISPLAY upon a mnemonic-name associated with ARGUMENT-NUMBER sets the current command-line argument number to the value of the identifier or literal specified in the DISPLAY statement.
    3. When an ACCEPT statement from a mnemonic-name associated with ARGUMENT-NUMBER has been executed since the last execution of a DISPLAY statement upon a mnemonic-name associated with ARGUMENT-NUMBER, the current command-line argument number is incremented prior to its use in this ACCEPT statement.

    If the current command-line argument number is 0, it is intended that the program-name of the main program of the run unit will be returned. However, the effects of variations on program invocation can impact these results so that a utility or calling program can be returned instead.

    If the current command-line argument number

    XOPEN is not in the range 0 to 99 inclusive or

    exceeds the number of arguments on the command line when this ACCEPT statement is executed, imperative-statement-1, if specified, is executed.

  5. MFXOPEN If the mnemonic-name associated with the function-name ENVIRONMENT-VALUE is used then,
    1. If a previous DISPLAY with a mnemonic-name associated with an ENVIRONMENT-NAME has been performed, the value of the designated environment variable is placed into identifier.
    2. If no previous DISPLAY with a mnemonic-name associated with an ENVIRONMENT-NAME has been performed, or if the specified environment variable does not exist, the imperative statement associated with an ON EXCEPTION phrase is executed. The value in identifier is undefined in this case.
  6. MFXOPEN The effect of retrieving command-line arguments and the number of arguments in a program that is called by another program is defined as the same as if they were retrieved by the first program in the run unit.

General Rules for Format 2

  1. The ACCEPT statement causes the information requested to be transferred to the data item specified by identifier according to the rules of the MOVE statement. DATE, DAY,

    ANS85 DAY-OF-WEEK,

    and TIME are conceptual data items and, therefore, are not described in the COBOL program.

  2. DATE, without the phrase YYYYMMDD, is composed of the data elements year of the current century, month of the year, and day of the month. DATE, without the phrase YYYYMMDD, when accessed by a COBOL program, behaves as if it had been described as an unsigned elementary integer data item of usage display six digits in length, the character positions of which, numbered from left to right, are:
    Char Contents
    1-2 The two right-most numeric characters of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    3-4 Two numeric characters of the month of the year in the range 01 through 12.
    5-6 Two numeric characters of the day of the month in the range 01 through 31.
  3. DATE, with the phrase YYYYMMDD, is composed of the data elements year in the Gregorian calendar, month of the year, and day of the month. DATE, with the phrase YYYYMMDD, when accessed by a COBOL program, behaves as if it had been described as an unsigned elementary integer data item of usage display eight digits in length, the character positions of which, numbered from left to right, are:
    Char Contents
    1-4 Four numeric characters of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    5-6 Two numeric characters of the month of the year in the range 01 through 12.
    7-8 Two numeric characters of the day of the month in the range 01 through 31.
  4. DAY, without the phrase YYYYDDD, is composed of the data elements year of the current century and day of the year. DAY, without the phrase YYYYDDD, when accessed by a COBOL program, behaves as if it had been described as an unsigned elementary integer data item of usage display five digits in length, the character positions of which, numbered from left to right, are:
    Char Contents
    1-2 The two right-most numeric characters of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    3-5 Three numeric characters of the day of the year in the range 01 through 366.
  5. DAY, with the phrase YYYYDDD, is composed of the data elements year in the Gregorian calendar and day of the year. DAY, with the phrase YYYYDDD, when accessed by a COBOL program, behaves as if it had been described as an unsigned elementary integer data item of usage display seven digits in length, the character positions of which, numbered from left to right, are:
    Char Contents
    1-4 Four numeric characters of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    5-7 Three numeric characters of the day of the year in the range 01 through 366.
  6. ANS85 DAY-OF-WEEK is composed of a single data element whose content represents the day of the week. DAY-OF-WEEK, when accessed by a COBOL program, behaves as if it had been described in a COBOL program as an unsigned elementary numeric integer data item one digit in length. In DAY-OF-WEEK, the value 1 represents Monday, 2 represents Tuesday, ... , 7 represents Sunday.
  7. TIME is composed of the data elements: hours, minutes, seconds and hundredths of a second. TIME is based on elapsed time after midnight on a 24-hour clock basis - thus, 2:41 P.M. would be expressed as 14410000. TIME, when accessed by a COBOL program behaves as if it had been described in a COBOL program as an unsigned elementary numeric integer data item eight digits in length. The minimum value of TIME is 00000000; the maximum value of TIME is 23595999. If the hardware does not have the facility to provide fractional parts of TIME, the value is converted to the closest decimal approximation.
MF 

General Rules for Format 3

  1. MF The value returned from the ACCEPT FROM LINE NUMBER phrase is always numeric. The value is implementation-dependent.
  2. MF The FROM USER NAME option returns spaces.
  3. MF The FROM ESCAPE KEY option returns the two-digit code generated by a termination key.
  4. MF The EXCEPTION STATUS item contains a three-digit numeric value that identifies the type of exception condition that has occurred during the execution of a CALL statement.

    If EXCEPTION STATUS is to be examined this should be done immediately following the CALL statement. There must be nothing between the CALL and ACCEPT FROM EXCEPTION STATUS. File I/O operations will alter the exception status value making it unpredictable.

MF 

General Rules for Format 4

  1. MF This format of the ACCEPT statement accepts screen items,which are defined in the Screen Section of the program, and allows full access to the enhanced screen handling facilities.
MF 

General Rules for Formats 4 and 5

  1. MF The order of execution of an ACCEPT statement is always:
    1. The AT phrase
    2. The BLANK phrase
    3. If either of the Compiler directives ACCEPTREFRESH or XOPEN are specified, the current contents of screen items with the USING phrase are displayed
    4. The BELL phrase
    5. The ACCEPT operation.
  2. MF The AT phrase gives the absolute address on the screen where the ACCEPT operation is to start.
  3. MF If integer-3 or identifier-4 is 4 digits long, the first two digits specify the line, the second two the column. If 6 digits long, the first three digits specify the line, while the second three specify the column.
  4. MF Certain combinations of line and column numbers have special meanings, as follows:
    1. Until the column comes within range, out of range column values are reduced by the line length and the line value is incremented.
    2. Out of range line values cause the screen to scroll up one line. The effect is the same as if the line number of the bottom line had been specified.
    3. If the line and column numbers given are both zero, the ACCEPT starts at the position following that where the preceding Format 4 or Format 5 ACCEPT operation finished. Column 1 of each line is considered to follow the last column of the previous line.
    4. If the line number is zero, but a non-zero column number is specified, the ACCEPT starts at the specified column, on the line following that where the preceding Format 4 or Format 5 ACCEPT operation finished.
    5. If the column number is zero, but a non-zero line number is specified, the ACCEPT starts on the specified line, at the column following that where the preceding Format 4 or Format 5 ACCEPT operation finished.
  5. MF Prior to the execution of this ACCEPT statement, a DISPLAY statement which specifies the same screen-name or identifier-1 as is specified in this ACCEPT statement must have been executed. There must not have been any ACCEPT or DISPLAY statement executed since then.
  6. MF  If the ON EXCEPTION phrase is specified, imperative-statement-1 is executed if the ACCEPT operation finishes with anything other than a normal termination. If the NOT ON EXCEPTION phrase is specified, imperative-statement-2 is executed if the ACCEPT operation terminates normally. (See the rules for the CRT STATUS clause in the topic The Special-Names Paragraph for possible types of termination.)
MF 

General Rules for Format 5

  1. MF The ACCEPT operation starts at line 1, column 1 if no AT phrase is specified.
  2. MF If identifier is a group item and no MODE IS BLOCK phrase exists, then those elementary subordinate items which have names other than FILLER are accepted. They are positioned on the screen in the order their descriptions appear in the Data Division and are separated by the lengths of the FILLER items in the group. For this purpose, the first position on a line is regarded as immediately following the last position on the previous line. The items are accepted in the same order.

    Unless otherwise specified in the CURSOR IS clause (see the rules for the CURSOR IS clause clause in the topic The Special-Names Paragraph), the cursor is initially positioned at the start of the first item. As the ACCEPT operation into each item is terminated, the cursor moves to the start of the next item.

  3. MF If identifier-1 is a group item that has a variable-occurrence data item subordinate to it, the ACCEPT statement acts as if the MODE IS BLOCK clause were specified.
  4. MF If identifier-1 is a group item that has a variable-occurrence data item subordinate to it, the ACCEPT statement acts as if the MODE IS BLOCK clause were specified.
  5. MF The MODE IS BLOCK phrase indicates that the identifier is to be treated as an elementary item. Thus, even if it is a group item it is displayed as one item.
  6. MF  The effect of specifying the PROMPT option is as described in the topic The PROMPT Clause.
  7. MF If the PROMPT option is not specified, no character is output to the screen to mark empty character-positions; those character-positions into which the operator does not enter data produce spaces in the data item.
  8. MF  The WITH phrase allows you to specify certain options available during the operation. (See the topic Screen Section Entry Skeleton for descriptions of these options.)

    In addition to the options available as screen description clauses, the following options can be used in the WITH phrase; SPACE-FILL, ZERO-FILL, LEFT-JUSTIFY, RIGHT-JUSTIFY TRAILING-SIGN and UPDATE. ZERO-FILL appears in this list and as a screen description clause because it has two different uses. Its second use is documented later in this chapter.

    A configuration option is available which allows the entry of data into numeric and numeric edited screen fields in free format mode. In COBOL, nonedited numeric data items are intended for holding data in an internal form; however, this format enables such data items to appear on the screen. See your COBOL system documentation on user interfaces for more details. If free format mode is in effect, the data appears automatically reformatted as follows:

    • With the virtual decimal point represented by a period
    • With the sign represented by a sign character ("-" for minus; space for plus) which appears immediately before the leftmost digit
    • With zero suppression in all integer character positions, except the least significant
    • With left justification.

    The SPACE-FILL, ZERO-FILL, LEFT-JUSTIFY, RIGHT-JUSTIFY and TRAILING-SIGN options amend this format.

  9. MF  The SPACE-FILL option causes data in free format nonedited numeric data items to appear on the screen with zero-suppression in all integer character positions. This option affects only free format, nonedited numeric data items. This takes effect when initial data in the data item is displayed and again when the ACCEPT operation into the data item is terminated. Any leading sign is displayed in the rightmost space.
  10. MF  The ZERO-FILL option causes data in free format nonedited numeric data items to appear on the screen with no zero-suppression. This takes effect when initial data in the data item is displayed and again when the ACCEPT operation into the data item is terminated. (See the topic The ZERO-FILL Clause for this option's effect when used with alphabetic or alphanumeric data items.)
  11. MF  The LEFT-JUSTIFY option is documentary only.
  12. MF  The RIGHT-JUSTIFY option causes operator-keyed characters to be moved on the screen to the rightmost character positions of the field. This option affects only free format nonedited numeric data items. This takes effect upon display of the initial data (the current contents displayed) in the data item and also upon termination of the ACCEPT operation.
  13. MF  The TRAILING-SIGN option causes the operational sign to appear in the rightmost character position of the field. This takes effect upon display of initial data in the data item and also upon termination of the ACCEPT operation. This option affects only signed, nonedited numeric data items which are in free format mode.
  14. MF  The UPDATE option causes the current contents (initial data) of the data item to be displayed before the operator is prompted to key in new input. If the operator does not key in any new data, the initial data is then treated as though it were operator-keyed. If the UPDATE option is not specified, the display of initial data is a configuration option. (See your COBOL system documentation on user interfaces for details of configuration options.)
  15. MF  The UPPER option forces input into upper case.
  16. MF  The LOWER option forces input into lower case.
  17. MF If REDEFINES is used with identifier-1, the first description of the redefined data area is used and subsequent descriptions are ignored. If OCCURS or nested OCCURS are used the repeated data item is expanded into the full number of times it occurs, so that one definition is repeated for many fields.
  18. MF If identifier-8 or integer-7 has a negative value, this represents a request that no time-out "exception" should occur no matter how long there is between/before key-strokes.
  19. MF If identifier-8 or integer-7 is zero, no timeout occurs if characters are waiting (when the ACCEPT is processed). However, if no characters are waiting, then a timeout occurs immediately.
  20. MF The ON EXCEPTION clause, if present, will be executed when a timeout occurs and a TIMEOUT clause is specified. The NOT ON EXCEPTION clause, if present, will be executed when a TIMEOUT clause is specified but no timeout (or other exception) occurs.
  21. MF If a timeout exception occurs, then the contents of any ACCEPT resultant-field are defined as follows:
    1. Any field which has been partially modified contains any information which has already been received.
    2. Fields which have "FULL" or "REQUIRED" attributes or any other attribute which would normally impact partial field input, are not required to meet those attributes when a partial field entry has occurred when a timeout exception occurs.
    3. The rules listed above apply whether or not the timeout clock is reset upon each keystroke.
  22. MF If at run time a positive timeout interval greater than 2,147,483,647 hundredths of a second is detected the timeout value is reset to 2,147,483,647 hundredths of a second (which is approximately eight months).
  23. MF The TIMEOUT value specifies the number of seconds (or tenths of a second) after the ACCEPT statement begins processing until a timeout exception occurs. An ADISCF configuration option controls whether or not the timeout clock is reset each time a new keyboard action is detected. An application which wants some ACCEPT statements to be handled with a RESET and some without, can make specific calls to the ADIS run-time interface before or after the ACCEPT statements that need changes from the default. For example when ADIS was configured not to do resets, if a program had:
     ACCEPT INPUT-FIELD TIME-OUT AFTER +10

    a timeout would occur after 10 seconds had elapsed from the beginning of the ACCEPT, even if some characters were entered after 5 seconds into the ACCEPT processing.

    If, on the other hand, ADIS were configured to do resets, if a program had the same code given above, then each time a new character were entered, the TIMEOUT clock would be reset to zero.

  24. MF If a timeout exception occurs and no ON EXCEPTION phrase is specified, the CRT Status keys (if specified) are updated, the application continues to the next logical phrase, and the contents of the ACCEPT receiving field are as defined above. (The above is true whether or not a NOT ON EXCEPTION phrase is specified.)
  25. MF All references to (NOT) ON EXCEPTION phrases also apply to (NOT) ON ESCAPE phrases.

General Rules for Formats 1 and 5

  1. MF For alphanumeric data items, the size of the field that is accepted from the screen during an ACCEPT statement is exactly the same size as the target field. Therefore, if you want data to appear at the right hand side of a field, you must enter it there.